Government Information via the Web

gpoFederal Document Depository 421
The following list suggests the best sites to find government information available online for federal, state, international, and foreign levels of government. This may include links from non-governmental entities that incorporate or point to information relevant to governmental operations.

Table of Contents: Select a category from the list below to view the related government resources.

Federal Government: General Information

Congressional Observer Publications
Some material is free, some requires subscription. See also Online Citation Styles.
Legislative Action Center
Find your members of Congress by zip code; also gives the daily House and Senate Legislative Schedule.
Documents Center
One-stop shopping from the University of Michigan. Superb web site for documents.
Electronic Publications
Also U of M site with hotlinks to the titles mentioned.
Federal Web Locator
For additional sources: LSU Libraries Federal Agency Directory
Locate all federal agencies.
Information Network (Links to government agencies and ftp files in business, health, environment. Some are fee based.)
"Your first click to the U.S. government" (searchable for federal, state or both)
Federal Resources Organized by Topic
This service arranges U.S. Government sites by topic. The main list of topics is based upon the current Guide to U.S. Government Information, also known as The Subject Bibliography Index.
How to Effectively Locate Federal Government Information on the Web
"This "hands-on" workshop is designed to demonstrate how to maximize retrieval of federal government information on the Web."
U of CA Scholarly Internet Resource Collections; both search engine and browse features.
FirstGov for Nonprofits
"A network of links to Federal government information and services."
U.S. Government Documents Ready Reference Collection
From University of Michigan: a lot of key sources in a number of subject categories, listed with format, frequency and hotlinks.
White House Home Page
Links to press releases, speeches, and other governmental information; tour the White House
US House of Representatives Home Page
US Senate Home Page


Federal Government: Legislative and Regulatory Information

GPO Access
Search and retrieve congressional information from the US Government Printing Office via a variety of publications. If you prefer paper, Schaffer Library does own some of these in hard copy. Check the online catalog.
The Internet Guide to U.S. Congress
Federal Tool Kit: Legislative Tools for the Road
Another useful UMich site.
Roll Call Online
The newspaper of Capitol Hill covering people, politics and process.
Search & retrieve legislation from the 103rd to current congresses; it also includes the full text of all bills that have been submitted to the current session of Congress.
Write Your Representative
Congressional Districts determinable by searching by state and Zip Code.
Contacting the Congress
Designed to help you search the Contacting the Congress database for Congressmembers representing a given ZIP code.

U.S. Judicial and Legal Resources

ABA Network Resources for the Public
Provides access to the American Bar Association's resources.
Martindale-Hubbell Lawyer Locator
"Martindale-Hubbell and the American Bar Association have joined forces to provide you with enhanced search capabilities of the extensive Martindale-Hubbell Lawyer Locator database of over 900,000 listings of lawyers and law firms."
Century of Lawmaking for a New Nation; U.S. Congressional Documents and Debates, 1774-1873
Includes House and Senate Journals, Statutes at Large and Serial Set, Journals of the Continental Congress and the Annals of Congress, Register of Debates, and the Congressional Globe.
Emory Law Library Electronic Reference Desk
Information on laws by country and subject; career information; links to journals and periodicals; reference material.
FedWorld/FLITE Supreme Court Decisions
Supreme Court decisions from its FLITE - "Federal Legal Information Through Electronics" - system. Supreme Court opinions dating from 1937 through 1975, volumes 300 through 422 of U.S. Reports. For decisions from 1893 to present, use Findlaw and for 1990 to present, you can use Legal Information Institute's Supreme Court Collection.
Findlaw; Internet Legal Resources
Contains an extensive topical index; links to many legal sources including law course outlines for law students; search FindLaw itself, as well as search the full text of law reviews online. Also includes LawCrawler to search the contents of legal sites on the Net.
Georgetown University Law Center
Edward Bennett Williams Library.
Lexis-Nexis Basic Legal Research Database
(Not accessible off-campus) Includes legal news and law reviews; searchable case law, both federal and state; searchable codes and regulations, also both federal and state; some international, some patents, and some career information.
Internet Law Library
Formerly a U.S. House of Representatives site, now maintained by Pritchard Law Webs, this links to " free public access to the basic documents of U.S. law" from both federal and non-federal sources; the library has organized thousands of Internet law resources by subject or jurisdiction; full text searchable version of the United States Code from the US House of Representatives.
Cybrary: Criminal Justice Links
Prentice Hall collection to links on a variety of legal topics and matters of justice.
Justice Information Center (NCJRS)
A service of the National Criminal Justice Reference Service, NCJRS "is one of the most extensive sources of information on criminal and juvenile justice in the world, providing services to an international community of policymakers and professionals." Searchable by keyword or phrase. See NCJRS Abstracts Database for a searchable interface.
Legal Information Institute
Cornell Law School's collection of recent and historic Supreme Court decisions, hypertext versions of the full U.S. Code, U.S. Constitution, Federal Rules of Evidence and Civil Procedure, recent opinions of the New York Court of Appeals and commentary on them from the LII-bulletin-NY and other important legal materials -- federal, state, foreign and international and Newsworthy Decisions available on the Net.
Meta-Index for U.S. Legal Research
Arrow down for judicial decisions, etc.
Supreme Court Collection
Offered through Legal Information Institute at Cornell. Covers May 1990 on; an indexed, searchable listing of decisions.
Supreme Court MultiMedia Database Page
"The Oyez Project" at Northwestern University
Supreme Court of the United States: Opinions
As of June 2002, slip opinions will be issued in electronic version only (for depository distribution, in any case). "The "slip" opinion is the second version of an opinion. It is sent to the printer later in the day on which the "bench" opinion is released by the Court." These ". . .will remain posted until the opinions are published in a bound volume of the United States Reports."
WashLaw Web
"...a gateway to Federal Government internet resources and other government related material. This gateway organizes documents by subject and by organizational charts. This site also has links to agency publications." Washburn University School of Law.
World Wide Web Virtual Library: Law
Material within the Virtual Law Library is organized by organization type; i.e. U.S. Government Servers, and by legal topic; i.e. Contracts. There is also a list of search tools and other comprehensive sites for law.

International Law

Law by Source: Global
Annotated Cornell Law Library: A selective guide to web sites providing links to texts of laws and court decisions, international documents, directories, trade information, and/or statistics.
Global Legal Information Network (GLIN)
Provides a database of national laws from contributing countries around the world accessed from a World Wide Web server of the U.S. Library of Congress. The database consists of searchable legal abstracts in English and some full texts of laws in the language of the contributing country. It provides information on national legislation from more than 35 countries, with other countries being added on a continuing basis.
International Constitutional Law
Lex Mercatoria
Mercatoria, the international trade and commercial law monitor, has been extended to include a number of other international law areas. Their stated objective is "To investigate the potential of W3 as an information resource, with regard to legal research and education".

State Laws

State and Local Government on the Net
A directory of official state, county and city government web sites.
Municipal Codes Online
Via Seattle Public Library: "This page provides Links to city and county codes available for unrestricted searching on the World Wide Web."
State and Local Governments
A Library of Congress Internet Resource Page.
State Resources Index
Findlaw listing of links for states.

Statistical Resources

US Census Bureau
"An easy-to-use tool for investigating U.S. demographic trends, brought to you by the Social Science Data Analysis Network (SSDAN) at theUniversity of Michigan. With eye-catching graphics and exportable trend data, CensusScope is designed for generalists and specialists."
Data Ferret; Federal Electronic Research and Review Extraction Tool
Requires entry of email address.
Guide to Updating the 2000 Census of Population and Housing
University of Michigan Documents Center
A service of the U.S. Department of Commerce, is the site for the U.S. business, economic and trade community, providing authoritative information from the Federal government. (two-user maximum, login required for most databases [available via Reference librarians])
USA Counties
Provided by the U.S. Census Bureau, USA Counties is a compilation of a variety of important statistics, almost 3,000 variables.

Other Sources

Atlas of United States Mortality
Bureau of Justice Statistics
Federal Justice Statistics Resource Center
Maintains the Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS) Federal Justice Statistics Program (FJSP) database, which contains information about suspects and defendants processed in the Federal criminal justice system. Using data obtained from Federal agencies, the FJSP compiles comprehensive information describing defendants from each stage of Federal criminal case processing.
Bureau of Transportation Statistics
Includes TranStats, the Intermodal Transportation Database with "...access to more than 100 transportation-related data bases."
Bureau of Labor Statistics
Demographic Data Viewer Home Page
Non-Java edition
Dismal Scientist
Economic Information and Analysis.
Economic Statistics Briefing Room
Via White House.
Uniform Crime Report. Dates available range from 1995 to present.
Search engine for government statistics and data; The Federal Interagency Council on Statistical Policy maintains this site to provide easy access to the full range of statistics and information produced by agencies for public use.
An easy-to-use, two-step database that allows you to view and compare the most up-to-date statistical data for the Member States of the United Nations.
Statistics and Social Science Data
Social Sciences Data Center of the University of Virginia. Access may be limited if data is proprietary or locally mounted only.
Interactive Tariff and Trade DataWeb
(U.S. International Trade Commission) Free registration required. Customized imports and exports by a listing of one or more products. They can be sorted by country, value, etc. as well as by HTS, SIC, SITC & NAICS codes. International trade data are available for years 1989- present on a monthly, quarterly, annual, or year-to-date basis and can be retrieved in a number of classification systems.
Social Statistics Briefing Room
Via White House.
Uniform Crime Reports; County Data
Data (1990-present) collected by the United States Department of Justice - Federal Bureau of Investigation. The data used in this presentation were obtained via anonymous ftp from the National Archive of Criminal Justice Data
U.S. State Fact Sheets
"State Fact Sheets provide the most recently available farm and rural data compiled by the ECONOMIC RESEARCH SERVICE, USDA. The State Fact Sheets provide 2 pages of facts for each state and also a summary fact sheet for the United States. Included are data on population, jobs, income and poverty, and farms. The data comes from a variety of sources including the Bureau of Labor Statistics, Bureau of Economic Analysis, the Bureau of the Census, and ERS. The information is updated as new data becomes available."

Government Periodicals

Government Periodicals
University of Louisville
Airman Magazine
Agricultural Outlook
Economic Research Service of the U.S. Department of Agriculture: provides short-term outlook articles on commodity markets and food prices. It also presents in-depth analyses of U.S. agricultural policy, trade and export markets, food production and safety, the environment, the rural economy, and farm financial institutions. Each issue includes 30 pages of data on individual commodities, the general economy, U.S. farm trade, farm income, production expenses, input use, prices received and paid by farmers, per capita food consumption, and related issues." (March of 1995 to 2002) Replaced by Amber Waves; the economics of food, farming, natural resources and rural America.
Antarctic Journal of the United States
"...Established in 1966, reports on U.S. activities in Antarctica, related activities elsewhere, and trends in the U.S. Antarctic Program. Decision was made to terminate the publication in 2002, but a final 2005 issue is on the web site. Archived issues on the web go back to about 1993.
Army Logistician
The Professional Bulletin of United States Army Logistics: 1996-present
Commerce Business Daily
The CBD lists notices of proposed government procurement actions, contract awards, sales of government property, and other procurement information. Each notice appears in the print CBD only once. Notices stay "active" in the CBD database online via GPO Access for 15 days and are then moved to an "archived" database. Each notice is available as an ASCII text file. The database contains information from December 1996 to January 2002. CBD has been replaced by Federal Business Opportunties and it ". . . is the single government point-of-entry (GPE) for Federal government procurement opportunities over $25,000."
Defense Horizons
Center for Technology and National Security Policy, National Defense University: 2001-present.
Economic Research Service of the U.S. Department of Agriculture: replaced by Amber Waves.
Monthly Labor Review Online
"...based on the print periodical, Monthly Labor Review. In many ways, Monthly Labor Review Online mirrors its print counterpart. It includes the same articles and departments in roughly the same arrangement with the same purpose."
Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
NASA Spinoff Online
For issues from 1976 to 1995 check the Back Issue Archive
Researches, analyzes, and validates claims that NASA technologies have been incorporated into the design and development of commercial products and services featured in this annual publication. Click "Spinoff" under "Quick Links" in the frame on the left. 1996-present.
Rural Conditions and Trends
Economic Research Service of the U.S. Department of Agriculture.
Rural Development Perspectives
Economic Research Service of the U.S. Department of Agriculture.
Scientific and Technical Aerospace Reports
Current 2 years. Older years can be obtained via email in PDF format from the NASA STI Help Desk
U.S. Government Periodicals on the Web
Draughon Library, Auburn University.


Perry-Castaneda Library Map Collection
U of Texas at Austin and Maps on Other Web Sites.
GEOnet Names Server
Provides access to the National Imagery and Mapping Agency's (NIMA) database of foreign geographic feature names.
Maps [Duke University]
Duke University Libraries links.
Maps and Geography
National Geographic Magazine.
Consumer Travel.
"Virtually 'fly' over the entire United States" even down to street address level.
Tiger Mapping Service
The "Coast to Coast" Digital mapping Database (sponsored by the U.S. Bureau of the Census. The goal of this service is to provide a public resource for generating high-quality, detailed maps of anywhere in the United States, using public geographic data.
Commercial topographic map site that is free and has some nice features.
USGS Geographic Names Information System
Contains information about almost 2 million physical and cultural geographic features in the United States. The Federally recognized name of each feature described in the data base is identified, and references are made to a feature's location by State, county, and geographic coordinates. The GNIS is our Nation's official repository of domestic geographic names information.

State Information

Governing Magazine
The magazine of states and localities "The leading information source for state and local government"
State Government Collections -- try one of the following:
The Electronic Source for State Publication Lists from the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign.
State Profiles
NASCIO, Chief Information Officers of the States.

New York State

New York State Home Page
New York State Government Information Locator
"ILS provides a single point of access to information services provided by New York State Government agencies, the State Legislature and the Judiciary"
New York State Library Home Page
and NYS Document Depository Program.

International and Foreign Information

World Leaders
CIA issued publication: Governments are listed in alphabetical order according to the most commonly used version of each country's name. Supposed to be updated weekly but appears out of date.
Council on Foreign Relations Website
A "Nonpartisan Resource for Information and Analysis," this site has a variety of information on issues of international relations.
Country Studies
The Country Studies Series presents a description and analysis of the historical setting and the social, economic, political, and national security systems and institutions of countries throughout the world.
Country Reports on Human Rights Practices
U.S. Department of State. Archived from 1999 to present.
International Agencies and Information on the Web
University of Michigan.
The Electronic Embassy
Links the staffs and resources of the Washington D.C. embassy community to their constituencies in business and industry, education, the press and government; search foreign embassies, international business centers, commerce & trade sources, etc.
Foreign Consular Offices in the United States
U.S. State Department: This publication contains a complete and official listing of the foreign consular offices in the United States, and recognized consular officers. Seems to be a bit out of date.
Foreign Government Resources on the Web
via University of Michigan's Document Center - links to Foreign Government Web sites; Constitutions, Laws & Treaties, Country Information, Embassies, News, Statistics, International Agencies, and more.
Foreign Relations of the United States
FRUS begins with the administration of Abraham Lincoln in 1861. There are two cumulative indexes covering 1861-1899 and 1900-1918. The organization of FRUS is generally chronological, but the dates of the volumes do not necessarily reflect the dates of documentary history. For example, the volumes for 1900-1918 do not include the records dealing with World War I or the Russian Revolution. Each volume has a subject and author index. There is also typically a table of sources and abbreviations at the beginning of each volume. Many volumes published since 1945 are available online on the State Department website that is maintained by the University of Illinois at Chicago. A full description of Foreign Relations of the United States, including a listing of the online FRUS volumes, is available from the Office of the Historian website.
International Government Organizations
Via Northwestern University Library.
Government: International Organizations
Includes Yahoo links to NATO, UN, OAS, World Bank, EU.
International Documents Collection
Northwestern University Library's Government Publications and Maps Department.
Inter-Parliamentary Union
Information on National Parliaments.
Gateway to UK Government sites. Alphabetically and topically browsable, and searchable by keyword, this site also provides a subject-based public services directory. Their "Guide to Government" has Information about the United Kingdom and a step-by-step guide to government in the UK from 10 Downing Street to the regions, from the Houses of Parliament to the European Union.
Organization of American States
Official Web Site Locator for the United Nations System of Organizations
Tons of UN links of all kinds.
US State Department Home Page
UK Official Documents
Official Documents is the official reference facility for Command and departmentally sponsored House of Commons Papers. From May 2005 onwards, all Command Papers and House of Commons Papers, as well as Key Departmental Papers, are available for free on the site in PDF format. A selection of key papers published before May 2005 are also available for free in our Documents Archive.
United Nations
United Nations Scholars Workstation at Yale University
"...A collection of texts, finding aids, data sets, maps, and pointers to print and electronic information. Subject coverage includes disarmament, economic and social development, environment, human rights, international relations, international trade, peacekeeping, and population and demography."

Additional Resources

European Patent Office
150 million pages available in facsimile form.
GODORT Handout Exchange Wiki: CD-ROMs
Links to guides on government CDs.
FirstGov for Science
"...A gateway to authoritative selected science information provided by U.S. Government agencies, including research and development results."
Catalog of U.S. Government Publications
Formerly GPO Monthly Catalog - search for government documents. The database contains cataloging records published in MOCAT since January 1994 and is updated daily.
How to Identify and Obtain Patents
UC San Diego.
Intellectual Property Mall
Courtesy of the Franklin Pierce Law Center.
Migrating Government Publications
Full-text docs via the University of Memphis) Not updated since July of 2002.
U.S. Government Bookstore
via GPO.
United States Vital Records Information
Includes hot links to state sites and other links.
Yahoo! - Government

Featured Sites of Current Interest

Annotated Bibliography of Government Documents Related to the
Threat of Terrorism & the Attacks of September 11, 2001
Oklahoma Department of Libraries.
Government Information on World Terrorism
Illinois Institute of Technology This page makes available official documents of the United States and International governments concerning terrorism.
America's War Against Terrorism
U. Mich.
Attack on America
Cashed/archived version from the pages of the site.
Osama bin Laden Videotape English transcript
Obtained by U.S. forces in Jalalabad, Afghanistan in late November 2001.
Assessing the New Normal: Liberty and Security for the Post-September 11 United States
Lawyers Committee for Human Rights.
A Decade of Deception and Defiance: Saddam Hussein's Defiance of the United Nations
September 12, 2002, accompanying President Bush's speech to the UN.
Iraq's Weapons of Mass Destruction: The Assessment of the British Government
55-page report, published September, 2002.
"The Final Report and Findings of the Safe School Initiative: Implications for the Prevention of School Attacks in the United States"
Compiled by the United States Secret Service and the US Department of Education. 50 pages.
Hate Crime
FBI web site, and the Department of Justice's Research and Statistics on Hate Crimes.
Advisory Committee on Human Radiation Experiments; Final Report
U.S. Department of Energy.
Erasing History: Ethnic Cleansing in Kosovo
U.S. State Department report.
The Emerging Digital Economy
(released April 1998) The report presents both economic analysis and case studies that paint a picture of the importance of electronic commerce and information technologies to the economy as a whole and to individual sectors of the economy. See also The Emerging Digital Economy II (June 1999).
National Gambling Impact Study Commission: Final Report
Report on the American Workforce
Overview of Report on the American Workforce 2001 Bureau of Labor Statistics report also contains link to full text in PDF.
Mental Health: A Report of the Surgeon General
Released December 1999.
"Tobacco Use Among U.S. Racial/Ethnic Minority Groups"
1998 Report of the Surgeon General and links from the CDC (Center for Disease Control) to the Smoking and Health Database as well as Tobacco Industry Document Web Sites and supplement with the Tobacco Control Archives (UCSF Library).
U.S. Patriot Act Resources
(Evergreen State College) This website was created to provide the public with access to information about the USA PATRIOT Act, intellectual freedom, civil rights and social justice. The included links provide access to the USA Patriot Act text and offer a variety of resources for education, government information and activism.