Geology Learning Outcomes

Working as a scientist
• To be a critical thinker. To be able to think critically and to critically assess original data. To be
able to devise a hypothesis-driven research project, and to understand the difference between
observation and interpretation.
• To master scientific communication both oral and written. This includes being able to put
together a cogent oral presentation with clear illustrations that make sense to the audience. For
writing, it includes papers that are logically constructed and conclusions supported with evidence.
• To make coherent well-supported interpretations for primary data and observations. To work
with diverse information and be able to put together a coherent picture in terms of an overall
system or processes. To have some concept of what information is needed to advance
understanding of a project.
• To be technically literate. This includes being familiar with resources and databases, and to
know how to go about finding missing information, either in terms of library/literature/web
searching or in terms of what needs to be done in the lab or in the field to get the information.
This includes knowing geology-related software, data manipulation, and modeling.
Working as a geoscientist
• To understand the place of the Geosciences in Society, and to know the links between
academic and geology-related jobs or alleviating problems in society.
• To be able to function effectively and be competent in the field. Including knowing how to use
field and analytical tools. To be able to read, understand, and map an area that shows spatial
distribution of rocks, processes, or surface materials.
• To be able to function effectively and be competent in the laboratory and to have good analytical
skills. Including knowing basic lab protocol, and safety.
• To be able to work collaboratively on problems.
• To understand use of literature in research. This includes evaluating current literature and
thought in key geological topics, carry out a literature search, and an understanding of scientific
Core knowledge in the geosciences
• To understand major principles in Geology, including: structure, sedimentology, stratigraphy,
mineralogy, petrology, hydrology, and geomorphology.
• To understand deep time. This includes an understanding of radiometric dating, and
stratigraphic principles.
• To understand global climate change and its impact on humans. Includes an understanding of
proxy records for global climate change, the carbon cycle, and the hydrologic cycle.
• To understand the major geochemical processes that affect the Earth. Includes the
geochemistry of low temperature