Title IX

What is Title IX?

Title IX is a federal civil rights law passed as part of the Education Amendments of 1972. This law protects ALL people from discrimination based on sex or gender, including gender identity and gender expression, in education programs or activities that receive federal financial assistance.

Under the law, colleges and universities must respond promptly and effectively to address any report of sexual misconduct and must actively take steps to prevent it.

What is sexual misconduct?

The term sexual misconduct is used to describe a broad range of sexual behavior committed without affirmative consent.

Sexual misconduct may include:

  • sexual harassment
  • sexual or gender-based discrimination
  • sexual assault
  • non‐consensual sexual contact
  • non-consensual sexual intercourse
  • sexual exploitation
  • stalking
  • indecent exposure
  • intimate partner violence

What is consent?

Consenting to engage in sexual activity is a conscious and voluntary agreement predicated upon mutual respect and understanding, core values of the College. It occurs when someone gives permission or says "yes" to sexual activity with another individual or individuals.

Consent is never ambiguous or subject to coercion, threats or intimidation. It is not silent, indefinite or unlimited.

Consent should never be assumed. It is not based upon body language, the way a person dresses or non-verbal communications (such as smiles or looks). The individual initiating the sexual activity is responsible for getting permission to engage in the activity.

All people in a sexual situation must feel that they can say "yes" or "no" and are able to stop the sexual encounter at any point. An individual who is incapacitated cannot give consent.

Consent is:

  • informed
  • reciprocal
  • clear
  • freely expressed
  • sober

The College's responsibilities and obligations

  • Under Title IX, schools must have an established procedure for handling complaints of sex discrimination, sexual harassment and sexual violence.
  • All Union faculty and staff, with the exception of those responsible for confidentiality (such as health care personnel), must report incidents of sexual harassment and/or violence to the Title IX coordinator.
  • The College must take immediate action to eliminate the harassment, prevent it from happening again and address the effects of such harassment. If you need counseling, campus housing changes or other remedies in order to continue your education without further harassment, the College must provide these at no cost to you.
  • Schools may not retaliate against anyone filing a complaint and must keep the victim safe from other retaliatory behavior.