Headshot of Professor Mary Carroll

Mary K. Carroll '86

Job Title
Dwane W. Crichton Professor of Chemistry
Science and Engineering S230
Department/Program: Chemistry

Research interests

Since the 2001-02 academic year, my main research focus has been on the fabrication, characterization and applications of aerogel materials. Prof. Ann Anderson (Union C. Mechanical Engineering Dept.) and I co-direct the Aerogel Lab, a highly productive, cross-disciplinary research group. Union College undergraduate students and faculty members have developed and patented an alternate approach to preparing aerogels. In addition to fundamental studies of the novel fabrication process, our team investigates applications of aerogels in areas as diverse as chemical sensing, catalysis, and drag reduction.


  • CHM 090 The Art & Science of Painting [cross-listed as AAH 205]
  • CHM 101 Introductory Chemistry I
  • CHM 102 Introductory Chemistry II
  • CHM 240 Analytical Chemistry
  • CHM 340 Chemical Instrumentation

I teach courses for majors (in both general and analytical chemistry) and those for non-majors. In all of these, I engage students in rigorous, laboratory-based scientific inquiry.


  • Key: * indicates undergraduate student co-author; ** indicates masters student co-author; *** indicates high-school student co-author.
  • Ann M. Anderson, Bradford A. Bruno, Elizabeth A. Donlon*, Luisa F. Posada* and Mary K. Carroll  “Fabrication and Testing of Catalytic Aerogels Prepared via Rapid Supercritical Extraction.”  Invited manuscript accepted (2017) for publication in the Journal of Visualized Experiments.
  • Osman Karatum, Md Mainul H. Bhuiya, Mary K. Carroll, Ann M. Anderson and Desirée L. Plata, “Life cycle assessment of aerogel manufacture on small and large scales: Weighing the use of advanced materials in oil spill remediation,” Accepted (2017) for publication in the Journal of Industrial Ecology.
  • Zachary M. Tobin*, Luisa F. Posada*, Aude M. Bechu*, Mary K. Carroll, Ryan M. Bouck*, Ann M. Anderson and Bradford A. Bruno  “Preparation and Characterization of Copper-containing Alumina and Silica Aerogels for Catalytic Applications.”  Invited manuscript, in press (2017), Journal of Sol-Gel Science and Technology, DOI 10.1007/s10971-017-4425-9
  • Ann M. Anderson, Elizabeth A. Donlon*, Adam A. Forti*, Vinicius Silva***, Bradford A. Bruno, Mary K. Carroll “Synthesis and Characterization of Copper-Nanoparticle-Containing Silica Aerogel Prepared Via Rapid Supercritical Extraction for Applications in Three-Way Catalysis.” MRS Advances, 2017, 1–6. http://doi.org/10.1557/adv.2017.343
  • Ryan M. Bouck*, Ann M. Anderson, Chetna Prasad*, Michael E. Hagerman and Mary K. Carroll, “Cobalt-alumina Sol Gels: Effects of Heat Treatment on Structure and Catalytic Ability.” Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids, 2016, 453, 94-102.
  • Md Mainul H. Bhuiya, Ann M. Anderson, Mary K. Carroll, Bradford A. Bruno, Jennifer L. Ventrella*, Benjamin Silberman*, Bahram Keramati, “Preparation of monolithic silica aerogel for fenestration applications: scaling up, reducing cycle time and improving performance.” Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research, 2016, 55, 6971-6981. DOI: 10.1021/acs.iecr.6b00769
  • Bradford A. Bruno, Ann M. Anderson, Mary K. Carroll, Paul Brockmann*, Thomas Swanton*, Isaac A. Ramphal*, Timothy Palace*, “Benchtop Scale Testing of Aerogel Catalysts.” SAE Technical Paper 2016-01-920, 2016.
  • Leah C. Smith*, Ann M. Anderson and Mary K. Carroll  “Preparation of vanadia-containing aerogels by rapid supercritical extraction for applications in catalysis.”  Journal of Sol-Gel Science and Technology, 2016, 77, 160-171.
  • Stephen J. Juhl*, Nicholas J. H. Dunn*, Mary K. Carroll, Ann M. Anderson, Bradford A. Bruno, José E. Madero*, Michael S. Bono, Jr.* “Epoxide-Assisted Alumina Aerogels by Rapid Supercritical Extraction.” Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids, 2015, 426, 141-149.
  • Justin E. Rodriguez**, Ann M. Anderson, and Mary K. Carroll “Hydrophobicity and Drag Reduction Properties of Surfaces Coated with Silica Aerogels and Xerogels.” Journal of Sol-Gel Science and Technology, 2014, 71, 490-500.
  • Suzanne K. Estok*, Thomas A. Hughes IV***, Mary K. Carroll and Ann M. Anderson “Fabrication and Characterization of TEOS-Based Silica Aerogels Prepared using Rapid Supercritical Extraction.” Journal of Sol-Gel Science and Technology, 2014, 70(3), 371-377.
  • Mary K. Carroll, Ann M. Anderson and Caroline A. Gorka* “Preparing Silica Aerogel Monoliths via a Rapid Supercritical Extraction Method.” Journal of Visualized Experiments, 2014, 84, DOI: 10.3791/51421.
  • Mary K. Carroll, “Moving from Recommendations to Innovations: Increasing the Relevancy and Effectiveness of Chemistry Education.” Invited Commentary in Journal of Chemical Education, 2013, 90, 816-819.
  • Lauren B. Brown*, Ann M. Anderson and Mary K. Carroll, “Fabrication of Titania and Titania-Silica Aerogels using Rapid Supercritical Extraction.” Journal of Sol-Gel Science and Technology, 2012, 62(3), 404-413.
  • Ondrej Nikel**, Ann M. Anderson, Mary K. Carroll and William D. Keat “Effect of Uni-axial Loading on the Nanostructure of Silica Aerogels.” Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids, 2011, 357(16-17), 3176-3183.
  • Michael S. Bono, Jr.*, Ann M. Anderson, and Mary K. Carroll “Alumina Aerogels Prepared via Rapid Supercritical Extraction.” Journal of Sol-Gel Science and Technology, 2010, 53(2), 216-226.
  • Ann M. Anderson, Mary K. Carroll, Emily C. Green*, Jason T. Melville*, and Michael S. Bono*, “Hydrophobic Silica Aerogels Prepared via Rapid Supercritical Extraction.” Journal of Sol-Gel Science and Technology, 2010, 53(2), 199-207.
  • Ann M. Anderson, Caleb W. Wattley* and Mary K. Carroll, “Silica Aerogels Prepared via Rapid Supercritical Extraction: Effect of Process Variables on Aerogel Properties,” Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids, 2009, 355(2), 101-108.
  • Timothy B. Roth*, Ann M. Anderson and Mary K. Carroll, “Analysis of a Rapid Supercritical Extraction Aerogel Fabrication Process: Prediction of Thermodynamic Conditions during Processing.” Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids, 2008, 354, 3685-3693.
  • Ann M. Anderson, Timothy B. Roth*, Matthew R. Ernst*, and Mary K. Carroll, “Saturated Liquid Densities and Vapor Pressures of Tetramethylorthosilicate Measured Using a Constant Volume Apparatus.” Journal of Chemical & Engineering Data, 2008, 53, 1015-1020.
  • Lisa A. Saccocio** and Mary K. Carroll, “Density Determination by Water Displacement and Flotation: An Introductory Experiment in Forensic Chemistry.”  Journal of Chemical Education, 2006, 83, 1187-1189.
  • Ben M. Gauthier*, Smitesh D. Bakrania*, Ann M. Anderson, and Mary K. Carroll, “A Fast Supercritical Extraction Technique for Aerogel Fabrication.”  Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids, 2004, 350, 238-243.
  • Ann M. Anderson, Smitesh D. Bakrania*, Jan Konecny*, Ben M. Gauthier*, and Mary K. Carroll, “Detecting Sol-Gel Transition using Light Transmission.”  Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids, 2004, 350, 259-265.
  • Desiree L. Plata*, Yadira J. Briones*, Rebecca L. Wolfe*, Mary K. Carroll, Smitesh D. Bakrania*, Shira G. Mandel*, and Ann M. Anderson, “Aerogel-Platform Optical Sensors for Oxygen Gas.”  Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids, 2004, 350, 326-335.
  • Andrew M. Leach*, Marc A. Unger*, Melissa J. Morris*, and Mary K. Carroll, “Compact, Multipurpose, Diode-Laser-Based Photometer.”  The Chemical Educator, 2003, 8(2), 146-150.
  • Mary K. Carroll, Marc. A. Unger*, Andrew M. Leach*, Melissa J. Morris*, Christine M. Ingersoll and Frank V. Bright, ”Interactions between Methylene Blue and Sodium Dodecyl Sulfate in Aqueous Solution Studied by Molecular Spectroscopy.”  Applied Spectroscopy, 1999, 53, 780-784.
  • Jonathan C. Wedvik**, Charity McManaman*, Janet S. Anderson and Mary K. Carroll, “Intermolecular Forces in Introductory Chemistry Studied by Gas Chromatography, Computer Models and Viscometry.”  Journal of Chemical Education, 1998, 75, 885-888.
  • Michelle A. Spaziani*, James L. Davis*, Manisha Tinani*, and Mary K. Carroll, “On-line Determination of Sulfide by the ‘Methylene Blue Method’ with Diode-laser-based Fluorescence Detection.” The Analyst, 1997, 122, 1555-1557.
  • T.C. Werner and Mary K. Carroll, “The Evolution of a Laboratory Syllabus in Quantitative Analysis.”  The Chemical Educator,November, 1997, Springer-Verlag (This is an online journal: http://journals.springer-ny.com/chedr)
  • T.S. Pannhorst* and Mary K. Carroll “Simple Method for Immobilization and Characterization of Cationic Indicators on an Optically Clear Polystyrene Surface.”  Fresenius’ Journal of Analytical Chemistry,1995, 351, 807-809.
  • Roger T. Echols, Mary K. Carroll, and Julian F. Tyson “Flow Injection Study of the Belousov-Zhabotinskii Reaction.” Analytical Proceedings, 1995, 32, 3-5.
  • Mary K. Carroll, Michael Conboy, Asaph Murfin, and Julian F. Tyson “Solid-State Microprocessor-Controlled Detector for Doublet Peak Measurements in Flow Injection Analysis.”  Analytica Chimica Acta, 1994, 295, 143-149.
  • Mary K. Carroll and Julian F. Tyson “Diode-Laser-Based Detector for Doublet Peak Measurements in Flow Injection Analysis.”  Applied Spectroscopy, 1994, 48, 276-278.
  • Mary K. Carroll and Julian F. Tyson “An Experiment Using Time-Based Detection in Flow Injection Analysis.” Journal of Chemical Education, 1993, 70, A210-211, A215-216.
  • Mary K. Carroll, Richard M. Miller, Richard A. Keller, and Gary M. Hieftje “On the Feasibility of Passive Optical Separation of Scatter and Fluorescence.” Applied Spectroscopy, 1992, 46, 442-447.
  • Mary K. Carroll and Gary M. Hieftje “A Novel Fiber-Optic-Based Pump-Probe Instrument for the Acquisition of Kinetic Information.” Applied Spectroscopy, 1992, 46, 317-321.
  • Mary K. Carroll and Gary M. Hieftje “New Fiber-Optic-Based Instrumentation for the Measurement of Low-Temperature Phosphorescence Intensities and Lifetimes.” Applied Spectroscopy, 1992, 46, 126-130.
  • Mary K. Carroll and Gary M. Hieftje “Effect of Optical-Fiber Length on the Width of a Transmitted Laser Pulse: Comparison of Theoretical Calculations and Experimentally Measured Pulses.” Applied Spectroscopy, 1991, 45, 1053-1056.
  • Mary K. Carroll, Frank V. Bright, and Gary M. Hieftje “Fiber-Optic Time-Resolved Fluorescence Sensor for the Simultaneous Determination of Al(III) and Ga(III) or In(III).” Analytical Chemistry, 1989, 61, 1768-1772.
  • Richard T. Madison, Mary K. Carroll, and Gary M. Hieftje “Convenient Fiber-Optic-Based Sample Cell for Shpol’skii and Low-Temperature Phosphorescence Spectrometry.” Applied Spectroscopy, 1989, 43, 422-425.
  • Mary K. Carroll, Frank V. Bright, and Gary M. Hieftje “Luminescence Originating in an Optical Fiber.” Applied Spectroscopy, 1989, 43, 176-178.

Honors and Awards:

  • Fellow, American Chemical Society, 2016.
  • 100 Inspiring Women in STEM Award, INSIGHT into Diversity magazine, 2015.
  • Faculty Meritorious Service Award, Union College Alumni Council, 2012.
  • Outstanding Service Award, New York Section of the Society for Applied Spectroscopy, 2009.
  • Stillman Prize for outstanding teaching, Union College, 1995.

Current Professional Activities:

  • Councilor, Eastern New York section of the American Chemical Society (ACS), 1998 to present.
  • Vice Chair, ACS Council Policy Committee (CPC), 2017 to present.
  • Co-Chair, ACS Board-CPC Task Force on Governance Design, 2016 to present.
  • Associate, ACS Leadership Advisory Board (LAB), 2015 to present.

Academic Credentials

Ph.D., Indiana University; B.S., Union College